Types of Heat Pumps

Are you considering buying a new heat source for your residence? An energy-efficient heat pump could be precisely what your home needs. Most people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also provide cooling in the summer for year-round comfort from one system.

If we’ve piqued your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the many types of heat pumps before you determine what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a unique kind of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the hot months, they work similarly to an AC, using electricity to eliminate heat from your home. But when the weather is cold, a reversing valve allows the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their impressive efficiency. Because they convey heat rather than produce it from a fuel source, heat pumps can reach more than 300% efficiency. This contrasts with a top mark of 98% efficiency for modern gas-fired furnaces. By opting for a heat pump, you’re not just picking a system that increases your home’s comfort; you’re selecting a setup geared toward sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

While heat pumps have multiple subcategories, each unit can be categorized into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most frequently found type of heat pump. Installation is typically simple, and these systems perform extremely well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a medium for heat exchange. In other words, they draw heat from the outside air during the winter and pull heat out of your home during the summer.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is located close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump may be an efficient way to go. These systems run using water as the medium for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less widely used than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water nearby, these are a valuable option for homeowners with the suitable environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you want the single most efficient climate control method around, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worth considering. These systems tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to supply consistent and very efficient heating and cooling. The drawback to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and price of installation, which often calls for excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

As soon as you decide what heat pump style you need in your home, the next step is to choose the right subtype. Your options include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you are in a region with extreme temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can offer the best of both worlds. These devices are offered in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps vary between these different ways of transferring heat, changing with current weather conditions for maximum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces mostly use the heat pump during mild weather. Then, when temperatures fall drastically, the gas-fired furnace kicks in, saving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Merging sustainable energy with home heating and cooling is a terrific way to slash your energy bills and help the environment. Solar heat pumps run using power generated by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally friendly homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have even more choices for setting up your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the customary setup for most of the homes with existing ductwork. The inside unit is usually installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the outside unit is on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this setup, all mechanical elements are placed in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is appropriate for homes or commercial buildings lacking indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions that are not outfitted with ductwork. Each and every room can have its own indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, providing targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact models are best suited for small spaces or to meet passing needs. While less efficient than other selections, they offer quick and straightforward installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If it’s time to install a heat pump, call the certified team at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our seasoned crew will see to it your heat pump system is customized to your needs, from installation to ongoing maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to enjoy home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!